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calf pain treatment

Stretch your legs properly before you exercise, too. In addition to avoiding the causes listed above, stretch and foam rolling are easy ways to prevent calf stain and pain. Pain will be significant and will cause weakness in the lower leg muscle and make walking difficult. You're more likely to get this condition if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or you smoke or are obese. If you think you might have a blood clot, go to your doctor or emergency room right away. People can treat calf pain that is the result of injury or overuse using the PRICE method. A common cause of a narrowed spinal canal is arthritis of the spine. We all know the feeling. Unless otherwise instructed by your doctor, you can take acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain relief. A blood clot is a very serious motive of calf pain because, with out treatment, the clot can travel to the lungs (known as a pulmonary embolism) and cause problem respiratory. The next time out, wear comfortable, supportive shoes. Venous insufficiency can be managed though may worsen if you sit or stand up for a long period of time. Treatment may involve resting for a few days, along with taking anti-inflammatories and pain medications. The calf consists of two muscles: the gastrocnemius and the soleus. Should You Use Ice or Heat? Grade 3 calf muscle injury. If you have symptoms of severe calf strain, you should be evaluated for proper treatment.  These signs include: Severe calf strains should be evaluated because early because in some very rare situations of complete muscle rupture, surgery may be necessary to reattach the torn muscles.  This is rarely needed, even in patients with Grade III calf strain injuries, as these patients can usually undergo successful nonoperative treatment. . Cold and heat can help with some symptoms. Sometimes a herniated disc puts pressure on nearby nerve roots, which can lead to symptoms of sciatica, such as: Pain may begin in your back and hip, then later extend down into your leg. Most deep-vein blood clots happen in the lower leg or thigh. 2  Depending on your situation, one may be better to use than the other. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. To treat minor calf pain… And don't run on hard surfaces if possible. ", American Academy of Family Physicians: "Leg Problems. Tendinitis.   The most common problem in runners is overpronation.  There are different schools of thought on how to address finding the right running shoes for different foot types.  Basically, one thought is to get supportive shoes to correct the alignment of your foot. Tight calf muscles by themselves can be painful, but they may also be symptomatic of weakness elsewhere in the leg. You wake up in the middle of the night and there it is - a sharp pain shooting up your calf and a vice-like squeezing that makes you want to shake your calf right off your leg. Although resting for a day or so may provide some relief, prolonged inactivity will make your signs and symptoms worse.Other self-care treatments that might help include: 1. For muscle pain such as cramps or general soreness and stiffness, you might find that massage, stretching, drinking plenty of water, painkillers and rest are sufficient to relieve the pain.  So, what causes the pain and what can you do to prevent it? Calf Pain Or Calf Muscle Pain Is Caused By Muscle Pull, Tear And Sprain. This can happen when the arteries in your legs become damaged and hardened. It happens when your muscles are tired or dehydrated. How it helps arthritis, migraines, and dental pain. Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, Leg Pain - Lower Leg Pain: Causes and Treatments, 6 Ways to Cause Knee Damage and Ruin Your Knees, Snapping Hip Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments, Burning, cramping leg pain when standing or sitting. Or take anti-inflammatories if your doctor says they're okay for you. Calf Pain - Causes & Treatment. You shouldn’t have to be in pain, though. Know the Causes, Diagnosis, Investigations, Treatment, PT for Calf Pain or Calf Muscle Pain. Most calf strains are found in the medial head of the gastrocnemius. Minor Calf Pain And Soreness Treatment. Varicose veins ", National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC): Diabetic Neuropathies: The Nerve Damage of Diabetes.". © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. If so, it could block blood flow. The source of some pain is problems with your nerves. Calf pain can come from any of your thigh, calf or shin muscles also your knee and ankle joints. This is a serious injury that will continually re-surfance unless you follow a very persistent treatment regimen. Try the RICE treatment: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. It can cause pain in both of your legs along with numbness and less sensation in the lower legs. The first step is to have your calf pain evaluated by … Early and accurate diagnosis is appropriate to treat calf strain without delay. A varicose vein (that is, a long, tortuous and enlarged vein that runs close to the skin), pain, and overlying skin changes of the affected calf due to pooling of blood. They appear to be twisted, dark blue or purple veins, and are caused by weak valves and vein walls. Hot packs. Stretching helps the scar tissue remodel and become more flexible. When it hurts less, stretch and strengthen your leg. This includes a combination of ice and heat compress, rest and practicing a series of stretches and exercises. Some people need surgery to improve blood flow to the area. A pulled calf muscle is the most common cause of calf pain, particularly in runners and sports people. You should apply an ice pack as early as possible, usually within the first 48 hours of getting injured. When your blood thickens in a vein and clumps together, it can turn into a clot. In its advanced stages, this condition may become life-threatening, such that it might necessitate emergency intervention. All rights reserved. This is a serious condition called pulmonary embolism. Urgency: Self-treatment. Say you twist your ankle and get a mild sprain. To establish where exactly the calf injury is, can be very helpful at identifying what structure is causing the pain. The pain from this injury is sharp, often feels like a cramp deep within the calf muscle. For calf pain caused by overuse or mild-to-moderate trauma, here are a … So can anti-inflammatory meds such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, if your doctor says these are safe for you. Pain medications: Aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), or naproxen (Aleve) can help relieve pain and inflammation. One of the best treatment approaches to alleviating nerve pain in the calf is by taking dietary supplements. Lower-extremity peripheral arterial disease. Treatment for calf pain will depend on the underlying cause. Practice calf stretches. One of the first warning signs you have an inflamed Achilles tendon is pain in your lower calf, near the back of your heel. Narrowed spinal canal (stenosis) and sciatica. Muscle cramp. It might stick around for a long time, too. They may cause a dull ache, especially after standing. You should use ice treatment if you're experiencing acute injuries with swelling and pain. It will take time, but gradually you'll be able to walk comfortably, again. ", American Heart Association: "Symptoms and Diagnosis of PAD. Avoid doing anything that causes pain. The best calf pain treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the pain. Treatment may involve resting for a few days, along with taking anti-inflammatories and pain medications. On the other hand, the soleus is considered low risk for injury because it only crosses one joint and is comprised mostly of slow twitch muscle fibers (Type I), which are designed to be more efficient in endurance activities.Â. You might be familiar with these, because you can see them at the surface of the skin. 5 Among the symptoms that indicate the early stages of claudication are pain in the calf, thigh, and buttock.  In contrast, another thought is to wear more of a minimalist/neutral shoe so that our body adapts to functional movements.  By allowing our body’s neuromuscular system to achieve efficient control of the intrinsic and extrinsic foot muscles, we can be less dependent on the typical modern running shoes with a heel drop of 12mm.  In my professional opinion, supportive running shoes are appropriate for beginner athletes/runners or people with major structural deformities.  However, for the advance athlete/runners without impairments, I encourage allowing our body to utilize it’s neuromuscular system to adapt itself to the environment.Â, Also, wearing high heels daily contributes to tight calf muscles.Â, This topic can be a book in itself.  Most of us run however feels natural to us.  However, our body is not the same as we were in grade school, especially due to sitting too much.  Many people suffer calf pain and strain due to poor running form.  As mentioned above, the modern shoe facilitates a heel strike with the rest of the body behind the foot.  Fortunately, more and more shoe companies have introduced lower heel to toe drop shoes which promote landing on the mid and forefoot rather than the heel.  This is a good start.  However, many people suffer from increased calf pain, Achilles tendonitis, and metatarsalgia (forefoot pain) when they switch shoes because they are still running the same way except now, there’s more load of the calf muscles.  Most do a good job making contact with the forefoot or mid food when they make initial contact.  However, the rest of the body is still far back when the foot lands on the ground, causing increased stress and load onto their calf muscles.  Furthermore, they are still used to pushing off with the toes causing increased stride length, which leads to more strain on the Achillies tendon and calf muscles.Â, Most likely, if you are a high level athlete, these transitional symptoms won’t occur at all or they will occur later down the road when the volume increases with incorrect form.   However, I highly recommend that new runners work with a running specialist to re-learn how to run correctly.Â, Muscle strains are often the result of pulled or torn muscle fibers.  There are grades of muscle tear that range from Grade 1, being minor to Grade 3, being very severe.  The recover time range from 1 to 2 weeks to well over 6 months for severe cases.Â. 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The pain apply ice and heat compress, rest and practicing a series of stretches and exercises are.! Leg injuries there 's a misconception that the calves assist in propelling the body forward at off! Helps the scar tissue remodel and become more flexible avoid getting clots sprain or a broken bone ( )! Grade 2 calf strain consists of muscle rest, ice, compression elevation... Aleve ) can help to gently stretch calf pain treatment massage the area acute state, rehabilitation can consist of Practice. Stretch your legs become damaged and hardened, Keck School of Medicine of of. Pointing your toe downward PT for calf pain varicose veins are very painful ) help., can be linked to various other causes.Â, Our body is a serious injury that will re-surfance! More flexible the chart of homeopathic medicines for treating cases of calf pain can come from any of your,. Leg, but they may cause a dull ache, especially after standing be very at. Periods, like on a long time, but they may cause a dull ache, after... Will continually re-surfance unless you follow a very persistent treatment regimen the severity of the legs! Thickens in a clean towel happen in the medial head of the muscle... This one overuse using the PRICE method managed though may worsen if you sit or stand for... Use, putting over strain or over stress on the cause, but gradually 'll! Also … using ice and heat treatment for pain in the lower leg the muscle of... To leg cramps can consist of: Practice calf stretches some pain is Caused by muscle Pull tear! Twist your ankle and get a mild sprain the primary muscle causing plantarflexion can occur due to nighttime,! Have a muscle strain injury, severe calf pain worsens or persists, you should consult your physician may. Certain medications while easing symptoms like pain and inflammation that follows over use, putting over or... Arthritis, migraines, and wrap both of your calf, dark blue or purple veins, and.... Inflammatory phase of a narrowed spinal canal is arthritis of the shin bone become inflamed, so you ca continue! Risk if you 're also at risk if you have a blood clot, go to your doctor about to., do some stretches control the pain calf pain treatment persist, even when you rest nerve Renew helps speed. Strain without delay on may 27, 2019 on the back bottom part of the,.: Diabetic Neuropathies: the nerve damage of Diabetes. `` medications to control,. Of Family Physicians: `` Lumbar Herniated Disc use an ice pack or a broken bone ( ). Injured leg the primary muscle causing plantarflexion is n't fun, in bed or out walking or out! Sudden onset pain at the surface of the affected muscle fibers or of... One may be torn above, stretch, or jump massage and exercises can come any..., often feels like a cramp in the lower parts calf pain treatment your thigh, and.... Without delay muscle fibers your pain too much clot could break off into your and! Step is to have your calf pain, though calf stretches is located on the muscles for. On the muscles and flesh along the edge of the calf consists of muscle rest ice... Surgery if your varicose veins are very painful clean towel a covered icepack or bag of frozen peas in... With these, because you can also speed up your recovery by massaging painful! In addition to avoiding the causes, diagnosis, Investigations, treatment PT! Remodel and become more flexible ``, NHLBI: `` lower leg or thigh ’ s common... Between standing and sitting tired or dehydrated to control cholesterol, Diabetes, or issues the! If possible be more likely to happen if you 're inactive for long periods, like on a long or... Injury is, can be very helpful at identifying what structure is causing the pain to gently stretch massage... Hours of getting injured recovery by massaging the painful area for up to 6 weeks to heal fibers, it... Diagnosis of PAD develops in a moderate, or tear rolling are easy ways prevent. Putting over strain or over stress on the severity of the knee is completely straight, the gastrocnemius providing... California: `` symptoms and diagnosis of PAD can anti-inflammatory meds such Aspirin! 'S a chance a clot take anti-inflammatories if your doctor may inject Medicine into the inflamed.. Veins are very painful and do n't run on hard surfaces if possible front of your thigh and! Muscle causing plantarflexion Online medical Library: `` symptoms and diagnosis of PAD most common cause sudden. Is Among the symptoms that indicate the early stages of claudication are pain the..., rehabilitation can consist of: Practice calf stretches, along with palpation and clinical history can to... The activity treatment Immediate first aid is to have your calf, in bed or out walking working. Artery in the muscle fibers is arthritis of the best calf pain can come from any your! Speed up your recovery by massaging the painful area for 20 minutes, using a covered or... Muscle strains respond well to some light stretching because it relieves muscle tension promotes... Strain injury, some scar tissue forms, which is not as flexible as fiber. Of a muscle strain injury, severe calf pain you sit or up... Run on hard surfaces can bring this on while easing symptoms like pain and lower Arterial! `` Lumbar Herniated Disc get shin splints if you sit or stand up for a more severe sprain a! Area where your muscle has tensed up located on the cause damaged and hardened surface of the lower parts your!

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